Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Syracuse University Libraries

Music: Get Started: Reference

for music history & cultures, scores, recordings, data, copyright, and more!

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Major reference sources in music are a good place to start your research. Reference articles can be about specific musicians, musical groups, instruments, geographic locations, cultures, styles, and genres. They provide broad coverage at an introductory level, allowing you to become familiar with the terminology and context of your topic.

Also check out the other sections of this guide on different geographic regions/styles for additional subject-specific resources.

Bibliography of Music Reference Sources

Writing About Music

Music Criticism