Asking a question is the foundation of conducting research.
Research Can be:
Methodology Led, Context Led,Theory Led, Practice based, Field Work,Testing, Cross-disciplinary
Familiarize yourself with your topic.
Define the topic.
Determine the component parts. If the topic is fairly broad, start with the narrowest concept. If your topic is very narrow, begin your research using broad terms.
Gear your searching to the resource. For example, when searching subject specific periodical databases, use terms the least common to the discipline.
Review your results and refine your search as necessary. Broaden the terms if you need more information. Narrow the terms to limit the amount of information retrieved.
Synthesize the information. Determine if and what additional information is needed.
Actively seek out alternative views as a way of testing your theory.
Begin your research in the literature of the primary discipline.
Expand your research of the literature outside the primary discipline to explore context and background.
The Harvard Guide to Using Sources is an easily accessible introductory guide to use of sources. It includes tips for students on finding, choosing, and integrating reliable sources into academic writing. The Guide provides examples of MLA, APA, and Chicago styles of citation and includes information on avoiding plagiarism.
The International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) recommends using critical thinking to spot fake news:
Know your Faculty, review the profiles and vitae on the university website.
Use office Hours.
Prepare for any meetings with faculty.
Attend events outside of the class such as symposiums.