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Syracuse University Libraries

Exercise Science: Journal of Athletic Training Citation Style

Journal of Athletic Training citation style and examples

Journal of Athletic Training Style Information

 References to articles or books, published or accepted for publication, or to papers presented at professional meetings are listed in numerical order at the end of the manuscript. Journal title abbreviations conform to Index Medicus style.  References should be numbered consecutively, using superscripted Arabic numerals, in the order in which they are cited in the text. No more than 30 references should be cited in Original Research manuscripts. References should be used liberally. It is unethical to present others’ ideas as your own. Also, use references so that readers who desire further information on the topic can benefit from your scholarship.

Examples of references are illustrated below.  See the AMA Manual of Style for other examples. 


1. Boling MC, Padua DA, Creighton RA. Concentric and eccentric torque of the hip musculature in individuals with and without patellofemoral pain. J Athl Train. 2009; 44(1):7–13.

2. McDonough EB Jr, Wojtys EM. Multiligamentous injuries of the knee and associated vascular injuries. Am J Sports Med. 2009; 37(1):156–159.


1. Ritter MA, Albohm MJ. Sports Injuries: Your Common Sense Guide. Traverse City, MI: Cooper Publishing Group; 2008:1–12.

2. Massey-Stokes M. Body image and eating disturbances in children and adolescents. In: Robert-McComb JR, Norman R, Zumwalt M. The Active Female: Health Issues Throughout the Lifespan. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2008: 57–80.


1. Ross SE, Linens SW, Arnold BL. Balance assessments for discriminating between functional ankle instability and stable ankles. Presented at: 59th Annual Meeting & Clinical Symposia of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association; June 20, 2008; St Louis, MO.


1. Athletic Taping and Bracing [DVD]. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2005.

Software Manual:

1. SPSS Base for Windows [computer program]. Version 13.0. Chicago, IL: SPSS Inc; 2005.

Internet Sources:

1. Cappaert TA, Stone JA, Castellani JW, Krause BA, Smith D, Stephens BA. National Athletic Trainers’ Association position statement: environmental cold injuries. J Athl Train. 2008; 43(6):640–658. Published December 2008. Accessed April 14, 2009.

2. American College of Sports Medicine. Physical activity & public health guidelines. Published 2007. Accessed April 14, 2009.