Below are PDF versions of the citation handouts we keep at the Information Desk:
The following are a list of the different ways you can format your in-text citation:
Author’s name in text (no page number):
Cassell and Jenkins (2000) compared reaction times. . .
Author’s name in reference (no page number):
In a recent study of reaction times (Cassell & Jenkins, 2000). . .
Author’s name in text (page number):
According to Cuno (2008), within the last few years “archaeologists have lobbied for national and international laws, treaties, and conventions to prohibit the international movement of antiquities” (p. 1).
Author’s name in reference (page number):
The argument runs that, “The term 'Czechoslovak' had become a rich source of contention almost immediately after the state's formation” (Innes, 2001, p. 16).
Two authors in reference:
A study conducted on a college campus concluded that therapy dogs help to reduce stress in students during final examinations (Smith & Jones, 2016).
Three or more authors in reference:
Dehydration resulting from caffeine can cause severe complications from the body (Adams et al., 2012).
No known author:
A similar study was conducted around students learning how to format a research paper ("Using APA," 2019).
No known author or date:
In another study of students and research decision, it was discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d).
What is Considered to be a Long Quotation?
If the quotation you use in your paper is longer than 3 lines, then it is considered to be a long quotation (also known as a "block quote").
Rules for Long Quotations
There are 4 basic rules that apply to long quotations:
Example of a Long Quotation
In order for libraries to grow and adapt to new generations, it is vital to experiment with programming and services:
The idea of experimentation is to try something new. On occasion, ideas do not always work out the way we hope, and that's okay. Assessment helps determine if an experiment is worth supporting permanently. We consider that iPad experiment at the Art & Architecture Library a failure. The few students who tried the apps, like the app Procreate, but there was not enough evidence for us to continue offering it. Even though we call it a failure, it was not a waste of time. We learned that students are interested in digital art platforms but prefer to use apps on their personal devices. (Copper, 2020, p. 79)
|Online News Article (i.e CNN, Huffington Post, Fox News)||
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Website name. URL
(Regan & Yeung, 2020)
|Online Magazine Article (i.e. New Yorker, Time Magazine)||
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine. URL.
Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of review [Review of the book Book title, by A. A. Author OR E. E. Editor, Ed.]. Journal Title/Source Title, Volume Number(Issue Number), page range. DOI or URL.
Verma, J. P. (2018, March 20). Functional importance of the plant microbiome: Implications for agriculture, forestry and bioenergy: A book review [Review of the book Functional importance of the plant microbiome: Implications for agriculture, forestry and bioenergy, by S. L. Doty, Ed.]. Journal of Cleaner Production, 178, 877-879. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.043
(Verma, 2018, pp. 878)