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Syracuse University Libraries

Music Research Process

Citation Style Manuals: Chicago, or APA style

Chicago Style 17th Edition (for humanities: music history, vocal pedagogy, music theory)

APA (for social sciences: ethnomusicology, music education)

Citation Tutorials for Chicago Style

Example Papers in Chicago Style

Citing Recordings in Chicago Style (Notes & Bibliography)


Composer last, first. Title of CD.  Ensemble Name. Conductor Name. With performer name (instrument), Performer Name (instrument). Recorded Month Year. Record Label Name 999 999999 999, Publication Year, format. Access date & link if streaming.

CD example:

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Don Giovanni. Orchestra and Chorus of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Sir Colin Davis. With Ingvar Wixell, Luigi Roni, Martina Arroyo, Stuart Burrows, Kiri Te Kanawa, et al. Recorded May 1973. Philips 422 541-2, 1991, 3 compact discs.

Streaming example, partial CD (from Naxos or Music Online):

Berlioz, Hector. "Harold En Italie (Harold in Italy), Symphony for Viola & Orchestra, Op. 16." On Berlioz - Orchestral Works. Philharmonia Orchestra. Sir Colin Davis and John Pritchard. With Yehudi Menuhin. Recorded January 8, 2007. Warner Music, 2007, Streaming Audio. Accessed September 15, 2016.​

YouTube Example:

Hydar, Mona. "Hijabi (Wrap my Hijab)." 2017. Video, 3:13. Accessed February 27, 2023.


Citation Management Tools

Once you choose your citation style, pick a citation manager to help!

  • EndNote -- See the ITS website on EndNote for license and purchase options for faculty/staff/students. Work on your own computer; Powerful tool for manuscript preparation; Organize documents and images

  • Zotero -- Open source citation tool; Capture web pages and other new media

Need help with citation managers? Email librarians here at SU for help or to request an instruction session