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Syracuse University Libraries

STEM Writing & Citing: Lab Reports

Links to Lab Report Formats and How-Tos

Lab report clip-art

What is a Laboratory Report?

A lab report is an account of an experiment and what was discovered.  There are three main purposes of a lab report: to communicate exactly what occurred in an experiment by presenting data, discussing the results, and providing conclusions.

It should be written so that: someone else could read the report and understand exactly what you did; someone could read the report and repeat the experiment and get the same results; and, someone could read the abstract and decide whether to take the time to read the full report.

The typical components of a lab report are the following:

  • Title Page
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods and Materials (or Equipment)
  • Experimental Procedure
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendices
  • Further Reading

As the requirements may vary for your course, always check with your professor!

From Regents Physics

diagram of lab report process