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Syracuse University Libraries

Music Education: Citing Sources

This guide is designed specifically for music education research and resources.

Plagiarism Overview from the OWL at Purdue

Have questions about what plagiarism is or about how to avoid it?     

Browse the following for help:


The above links are made available through The OWL at Purdue, an Online Writing Lab created and maintained by the English department at Purdue University

What's Your Citation Style?

Chicago Style 17th Edition (for humanities: music history, vocal pedagogy, music theory)

  • Chicago Manual of Style Online (library subscription) with full rules and examples.
  • Chicago Style Quick Guide (free site) with examples for common formats such as articles, books, book chapters
  • Examples of Bibliographic Citations in Music [Notes & Bibliography style] (free PDF) by the music librarian at Towson University. Includes examples for citing Grove, portions of sound recordings and scores, IMSLP, streaming audio, MP3s, YouTube. 
  • Citing Music Sources [Notes & Bibliography style] (free PDF) by the music librarian at University of Western Ontario. Includes examples for LPs, music manuscripts, score reprints, and other non-book formats!

APA (for social sciences: ethnomusicology, music education)

Citation Management Tools

Once you choose your citation style, pick a citation manager to help!

  • EndNote -- See the ITS website on EndNote for license and purchase options for faculty/staff/students. Work on your own computer; Powerful tool for manuscript preparation; Organize documents and images

  • Zotero -- Open source citation tool; Capture web pages and other new media

Need help with citation managers? Email librarians here at SU for help or to request an instruction session