Gather background information about your topic using reference sources.
◦ Reference books provide important information on a topic, include specific details, and point to other useful sources of information. They point the way into the core literature of a topic contained in books, journals, reports, and many other types of publications.
◦ They can also summarize, digest, or review the literature on a topic in ways that save you time and energy.
◦ Knowing the reference sources in your discipline can increase the efficiency of your searches by enabling you to better focus your questions.
Be sure to evaluate the kinds of sources you are using. Review your print sources and pay special attention to Internet sources.
Read the source carefully. Note organizational differences between tools. Not all works are comprehensive in scope.
Be creative. Try alternative and related headings to locate the information you need. If your initial search is so broad that you have too many sources, then narrow your search. If your search brings back too few sources, then broaden the search, using more general terms.
Reference tools / background information
Overviews of Humanities Topics
Overviews of Social Science Topics
The MLA International Bibliography is a subject index for books, articles and websites published on modern languages, literatures, folklore, and linguistics. It is produced by the Modern Language Association (MLA), an organization dedicated to the study and teaching of language and literature. The electronic version of the Bibliography dates back to 1925 and contains over 2 million citations from more than 4,400 periodicals (including peer-reviewed e-journals) and 1,000 book publishers. It is compiled by the staff of the MLA Department of Bibliographic Information Services with the cooperation of more than 100 contributing bibliographers in the United States and abroad. Such international coverage is represented by literature from Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and North and South America, and while the majority of records are from English-language publications, at least sixty other languages are represented including French, Spanish, German, Russian, Portuguese, Norwegian, and Swedish.
Cultural(Art, Architecture, Music)
Consultation: Please call or email Barbara Opar (443-3518/2905 or firstname.lastname@example.org) if you are having trouble finding the right information for an assignment. You can also schedule an appointment if you need help using electronic resources or for more in-depth assistance with a research project.
InterLibrary Loan: While the Syracuse Library has extensive holdings in the area of French language and literature, certain kinds of resources may be limited or unavailable. ILL is a service available to help students and faculty obtain books on loan from other academic libraries. Periodical articles are provided free of charge in digital form. Click here for more information.
Storage Requests: Syracuse University Libraries store certain older or lesser used materials off-site. The forms for delivery from Facility, Hawkins or the Warehouse are available on the Libraries' home page. Deliveries take place only Monday through Friday. Bound periodicals are now located at the Facility.Delivery is available Sunday though Friday. For further details, see https://library.syr.edu/services/delivery.php