Skip to main content
Syracuse University Libraries

Music: Cite Sources

Citation Management Tools

Once you choose your citation style, pick a citation manager to help!

  • RefWorks -- Provided by SU Libraries; Web application, use anywhere anytime
  • EndNote -- See the ITS website on EndNote for license and purchase options for faculty/staff/students. Work on your own computer; Powerful tool for manuscript preparation; Organize documents and images

  • Zotero -- Open source citation tool; Capture web pages and other new media

Need help with citation managers? Email librarians here at SU for help or to request an instruction session

What's Your Citation Style?

Turabian / Chicago (for musicology)

  • Chicago Style Quick Guide (free site) with examples for common formats such as articles, books, book chapters
  • Turabian Quick Guide (free site) with examples for common formats such as articles, books, book chapters
  • Chicago Manual of Style Online (library subscription) with full rules and examples.
  • Examples of Bibliographic Citations in Music (free PDF) by the music librarian at Towson University. Includes examples for citing Grove, portions of sound recordings and scores, IMSLP, streaming audio, MP3s, YouTube. 
  • Citing Music Sources (free PDF) by the music librarian at University of Western Ontario. Includes examples for LPs, music manuscripts, score reprints, and other non-book formats!

APA (for ethnomusicology, music education)

MLA or others

Citing Recordings in Chicago Style

Citing music recordings is not covered in the Chicago Style Quick Guide that is posted free online. For the full set of rules, refer to the full Chicago Manual of Style Online


Composer last, first. Title of CD.  Ensemble Name. Conductor Name. With performer name (instrument), Performer Name (instrument). Recorded Month Year. Record Label Name 999 999999 999, Year, format. Access date & link if streaming.

CD example:

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. Don Giovanni. Orchestra and Chorus of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. Sir Colin Davis. With Ingvar Wixell, Luigi Roni, Martina Arroyo, Stuart Burrows, Kiri Te Kanawa, et al. Recorded May 1973. Philips 422 541-2, 1991, 3 compact discs.

Streaming example, partial CD (from Naxos or Music Online):

Berlioz, Hector. "Harold En Italie (Harold in Italy), Symphony for Viola & Orchestra, Op. 16." In Berlioz - Orchestral Works. Philharmonia Orchestra. Sir Colin Davis and John Pritchard. With Yehudi Menuhin. Recorded January 8, 2007. Warner Music, 2007, Streaming Audio. Accessed September 15, 2016.​