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Business Information Guide

Questions You Should Ask of Every Source You Find

Currency

  • What is the publication/creation date?
  • Does this time period meet your information need?
  • When was the last update?
  • Are all the links up-to-date ( for web resources)?

Authority

  • Who is the author?  What are her/his credentials?
  • Has the author been cited in other sources?
  • Who is publishing this information (individual, non-profit organization, commercial entity)?

Validity/Accuracy

  • Do other sources contain the same information?
  • Is evidence given to support the information?
  • Are other sources cited?
  • Is the site edited, or does it contain typographical errors (for web resources)?

Audience

  • Who is the intended audience (students, researchers, trades people, children, adults)?
  • Is this source appropriate for your needs and understanding of the topic?

Point of View (Bias)

  • Does the source present the information from a particular bias or single viewpoint?
  • Does the source contain assumptions not backed by research?
  • Does the sponsoring organization or site have a stake in how information is presented?
  • Does the information contain advertising?

Plagiarism Overview from the OWL at Purdue

Have questions about what plagiarism is or about how to avoid it?     

Browse the following for help:

Citation Management Tools

For information on citation management tools such as RefWorks and EndNote Web, see the Citation Management page.

The APA Style

Developed by the American Psychological Association for its own publications, this style has become the standard for works in the social and behavioral sciences.

From the APA website:

Harvard Business School Citation Guide

Harvard Business School publishes a very useful citation guide for citing business resources:

HBS citation style guide

The MLA Style

MLA: Modern Language Association

MLA style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature.

From the MLA website:

Other Styles

There are many, many citation styles in addition to the four covered by this guide. Many professional and scholarly organizations, for example, have developed style and publication guidelines especially adapted to their particular disciplines.

While it is impossible to discuss all the citation options available, the following list provides a small sample of other citation styles you may wish to consider.